THE FOUR PILLARS OF U.S. GOVERNMENT. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES WAS CONSTRUCTED USING THE DIRECTIONS PROVIDED IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION.
OUR FOUNDING FATHERS HAD THE WISDOM AND FORESIGHT TO CREATE A VERY FLEXIBLE AND INTELLIGENTLY STRUCTURED GOVERNMENT FRAMEWORK THAT HAS ENDURED. THE ENTIRE AMERICAN POLITICAL SYSTEM IS BASED ON FOUR CONSTITUTIONALLY DERIVED PILLARS: A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT; SEPARATION OF POWERS; FEDERALISM; AND INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS
POL 303 Week 1 DQ 1 The Four Pillars of U.S. Government
The Four Pillars of U.S. Government. The federal government of the United States was constructed using the directions provided in the U.S. Constitution. Our Founding Fathers had the wisdom and foresight to create a very flexible and intelligently structured government framework that has endured. The entire American political system is based on four constitutionally derived pillars: a national government; separation of powers; federalism; and individual rights. Briefly describe each pillar, how it interacts with the other three pillars, and then provide real-world examples of how each pillar supports our government. How does the U.S. Constitution establish checks and balances and federalism using these pillars? Please explain the reasoning behind your response.
POL 303 Week 1 DQ 2 Judicial Independence Within a Political Process
Judicial Independence Within a Political Process. Our judicial branch of government was designed not only to serve as a check on the power of the executive and legislative branches but also to be the final arbiter on disputes among states and between the states and the federal government. One important arbitration tool utilized by the judicial branch is judicial review. Judicial review is one of the U.S. Constitutionâ€™s most provocative features as it plays an important role in shaping the laws that impact our society. For this discussion, complete the following:
Define judicial review.
Explain why the origins and legitimacy of judicial review are often called into question.
Discuss whether the framers of the Constitution intended for the judiciary to have this role in the policy making process.
Share your opinion on judicial review. Explain why you support or do not support judicial review.
POL 303 Week 2 DQ 1 Legislative and Executive Powers
Legislative and Executive Powers. Congress passes legislation and the president is tasked with implementing that legislation unless the legislation is vetoed. The powers of both the legislative and executive branches were on full display with the passage and implementation of the Patriot Act. The U.S. Patriot Act was signed into law on October 26, 2001 â€“ after the events of September 11th that same year. This act was passed because the legislative and executive branches felt there was a need for more cooperation between key government intelligence agencies and broader powers for law enforcement and the overall goal was a safer more secure United States. However, as the events of September 11th become a more distant memory, many have begun to question whether the Patriot Act is too broad in its scope and if the Act infringes on individual civil rights and liberties. In your opinion, does the Patriot Act infringe on civil rights and liberties? Explain your reasoning, discuss why you do or do not support the Patriot Act, and provide at real-world examples/evidence that support your answer.
POL 303 Week 2 DQ 2 Federalism and the Exercise of National Power
Federalism and the Exercise of National Power. Our federal government has many duties, obligations, and powers under the Constitution. Some scholars argue that the reach of the federal government should be limited and constrained. Other scholars argue that the federal government should not be constrained or limited where the welfare of the U.S. people is concerned. For example, in the case, Gonzales v. Raich, the boundaries of the federal governmentâ€™s definition of interstate commerce are in question. In this case, Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) agents took marijuana plants from a womanâ€™s home in California under the Federal Controlled Substances Act. However, under Californiaâ€™s Compassionate Use Act of 1996, the plants were allowed for medical use. For this discussion, address the following questions:
a. Does the federal government have the right to ban marijuana under the Commerce Clause of the U.S. Constitution?
b. Is this an overreach of the federal system, or is this effort in line with the duties and obligations of our central government described in the Constitution?
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